The Stratagem Philosophical Society
The home site of Common Sense
The Stratagem Philosophical Society provides a platform for the examination of the concept and philosophy of Common Sense
The Society.’s postal address is The Stratagem Philosophical Society BM Unifaculty London WC1N 3XX
The Internet address is -
http://www.stratagem.org.uk General enquiry email address is enquiries@stratagem.org.uk
the Stratagem Philosophical Society is part of the
Unifaculty Foundation

As members of the human race interested in the meaning of life, a study of Metaphysics opens up as many questions as answers but in a captivating and interesting way.

Why do things exist? Why is there something and not nothing?

Why am I here? Am I here? If I do not exist and nothing actually exists why do I perceive it to exist?

How could nothing exist without it therefore being actually something which we then call nothing?

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it. Metaphysics seeks to address two two propositions ... what exists and what is it. In that pursuit it has various branches.

A particularly interesting branch of Metaphysics is Ontology. The central questions of Ontology include:

"What can be said to exist?"
"What is a thing?"
"Into what categories, if any, can we sort existing things?"
"What are the meanings of being?"
"What are the various modes of being of entities?"

Some philosophers have provided different answers to these questions. One approach involves dividing the subjects and predicates into groups called categories. Such lists of categories differ widely from one another. It is through the co-ordination of different categorical schemes that ontology relates to such fields as library science and artificial intelligence. Such an understanding of ontological categories, may however be simply taxonomic. Aristotle's categories are the ways in which a being may be addressed simply as a being, such as:

what it is (its 'whatness')how it is (its 'howness' or qualitativeness)how much it is (quantitativeness)where it is, its relatedness to other beings

Further examples of ontological questions include:

What is existence, i.e. what does it mean for a being to be?
Is existence a property?
Is existence a genus or general class that is simply divided up by specific differences?
Which entities, if any, are fundamental?
Are all entities objects?
How do the properties of an object relate to the object itself?
Do physical properties actually exist?
What features are the essential, as opposed to merely accidental attributes of a given object?
How many levels of existence or ontological levels are there? And what constitutes a "level"?
What is a physical object?
Can one give an account of what it means to say that a physical object exists?
Can one give an account of what it means to say that a non-physical entity exists?
What constitutes the identity of an object?
When does an object go out of existence, as opposed to merely changing?
Do beings exist other than in the modes of objectivity and subjectivity, i.e. is the subject/object split of modern philosophy inevitable?

Parmenides was among the first to propose the ontological character of the fundamental nature of reality

Parmenides of Elea lived around the sixth and fifth century B.C. He was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Elea in Magna Graecia (Greater Greece, included Southern Italy). He was the founder of the Eleatic school of philosophy.

The single known work of Parmenides is a poem, On Nature, which has survived only in fragmentary form. In this poem, Parmenides describes two views of reality. In "the way of truth" (a part of the poem), he explains how reality (coined as "what-is") is one ...

change is impossible, and existence is timeless, uniform, necessary, and unchanging. In "the way of opinion," he explains the world of appearances, in which one's sensory faculties lead to conceptions which are false and deceitful.

Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy which employs logic enabling the thinker to move from one proposition to another ... step by step.

However, whilst philosophy develops and our understanding of these concepts develops, our knowledge of science also develops.

Common Sense which we have acquired over ćons enables us to combine our understandings of philosophy and science.

For example, philosophers from early times have sought to understand existence and its strangeness from the world and universe which they could perceive and believe as a reality.

The Stratagem Philosophical Society invites enquirers to attempt to perceive our existence not simply through the four dimensions which self-evidently exist or appear to exist but through the eleven dimensional existence of our universe described today by physicists and mathematicians.

Then when we have done that might we attempt to understand what and who we might be in an eleven dimensional universe which is but one universe in an infinite multi-verse of universes.

Of course, if we are a farmer, tomorrow’s weather may rank higher in our concern than in how many dimensions we exist, but many farmers living so close to existence and survival might share an interest in life and existence such as they do with soldiers, sailors, airmen and the thinkers.

The Society offers an online diploma course in Metaphysics.

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